UNESCO is the acronym for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.
UNESCO contains some fundamental rights for nations and is responsible for coordinating international cooperation in education, science, culture and communication and encouraging peace.
However, President Trump has said that it will be leaving UNESCO in December because of an anti-Israel bias.
Heather Nauert, a spokeswoman for the Trump administration said: ‘We were in arrears to the tune of $550 million or so, and so the question is, do we want to pay that money? With this anti-Israel bias that’s long documented on the part of Unesco, that needs to come to an end.’
What is UNESCO?
According to the UNESCO website the purpose of the organisation is to ‘strengthen the ties between nations and societies, and mobilises the wider public so that each child and citizen.’
UNESCO’s rights for each nation:
• Each nation has access to quality education; a basic human right and an indispensable prerequisite for sustainable development.
• May grow and live in a cultural environment rich in diversity and dialogue, where heritage serves as a bridge between generations and peoples.
• Fully benefit from scientific advances.
• Enjoy full freedom of expression; the basis of democracy, development and human dignity.
When was it founded?
UNESCO was established in 1945 because the organisation felt that political and economic alliances were not enough to build peace and harmony due to the two World Wars.
However UNESCO’s origins stemmed from 1942.
During the war governments of the European countries, which were battling Nazi Germany and its allies, met in the United Kingdom for the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education (CAME).
Those countries were looking for ways and means to reconstruct their systems of education once peace was restored.
The project gained support and new governments from outside of Europe, including the United States, decided to join in.
UNESCO’s mantra is ‘to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication and information.’
UNESCO projects and World Heritage sites
The organisation has done tremendous work to tackle racism.
In 1978 there was a Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice.
South Africa withdrew from UNESCO as a result, because of its apartheid regime. However it rejoined in 1994 after Nelson Mandela was elected president.
UNESCO launched the Nubia Campaign in Egypt to protect the great Temple of Abu Simbel from being flooded by the Nile Delta.
UNESCO carried on this pattern and subsequently, 22 other monuments were moved.
There are also many World Heritage sites that was established because of the World Heritage Committee. For example, Barcelona’s Basilica de la Sagrada Familia is one of the Barcelona’s most unconventional historical sights and is a UNESCO site.
The Park Guell is a UNESCO World Heritage Site also and features structural elements in Gaudí’s individual and distinct, Art Nouveau style.
The World Heritage List were made in 1978 and also includes the Galapagos Islands in Ecuador and Yellowstone National Park in the US.