Home 5 News 5 Donald Trump is not the first president to sign a divisive executive order in the name of 'national security'

Donald Trump is not the first president to sign a divisive executive order in the name of 'national security'

75 years ago, on 19 January 1942, the then President of the United States – Franklin D Roosevelt – signed an executive order. I’m not sure that it was treated as quite the photo opportunity that more recent executive orders have become – this was a few decades before Twitter and Facebook Live – but its effect was nonetheless immediate and devastating. This order – the now notorious Executive Order 9066 – would ultimately lead to the internment of over 100,000 Americans with Japanese ancestry, on American soil.

There is a narrative in our press at the moment that tends to draw parallels between Donald Trump of the modern United States, and Adolf Hitler of 1930s Germany. I do see the superficial reasons for which these kind of parallels might be drawn, but I would urge you not to fall into the trap of thinking simply that this is “just like fascism all over again” – actually, if you give it a closer analysis there are some very clear differences between the America of 2017 and Germany of 1939. I think the question isn’t really so much “is this the same as that”, but rather I think we should consider whether recent events in global politics – for instance the imposition by Donald Trump of the travel ban (which he now refers to openly as a “ban”) – a policy directly targeting people of certain ethnic backgrounds – is perhaps symptomatic of an underlying change somehow. Ten years ago, the idea of internment camps based on ethnicity would have felt very alien to me – even impossible ­– but now, I’m not so sure.

Some of the people comparing Donald Trump to Hitler feel safer making those comparisons because, even though they draw certain parallels up to a point, there’s a feeling that somehow it could never really get quite that bad again, not in the 21st century – after all, this is America, not Germany. We spend a lot of time considering the history of countries such as Germany in World War II, but perhaps we would be better served by broadening our perspective and looking to the history of countries closer to home, considering just how far they were prepared to go in the name of their “national security” – a rhetorical device Trump is particularly fond of. On this day, 75 years ago, it made sense to the American government of the time to imprison everyone of Japanese ethnicity. Is it so unimaginable that Trump would never consider putting comparable policies in place? 

A parallel I would find much more interesting to explore is that between Trump and Roosevelt, but this is cited far less often, and it’s far more uncomfortable – Roosevelt is often hailed as an American hero. On the surface, Roosevelt’s America was at war unlike Trump’s, and so many would argue that the circumstances under which Roosevelt operated and the parameters within which he was compelled to make decisions were radically different from those under which Trump operates; nevertheless, there are many others would would attest that America is at war with Islamic fundamentalism. 

Mercifully, I am in no way able to predict the future – that would make for a very dull existence. Still, I feel that we are moving towards a world much closer to the one we perhaps wrongly assumed would remain confined to dusty textbooks, and the thought of people being herded into internment camps in the 21st century, however remote, is no longer an impossibility. 

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